Potential wind power in Vietnam than many other countries in Southeast Asia, if compared to Thailand, Laos and Cambodia.
A survey, measure, analyze and verify by the World Bank has said that Vietnam has the capacity to produce up to 513.360 megawatts of wind power annually. Articles by VietNamNet Bridge Website about renewable energy sources in Vietnam is expected to increase in energy (5%) percent according to the information of the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT), Vietnam has plans for development and to replace fossil energy sources in the period of 2015-2025. Also known as wind energy and solar energy is expected to account for half of them.
According to a survey by the government, the land mass of 17,400 hectares of Vietnam account is considered suitable for the project, construction of wind power development. The local authorities of Binh Dinh-Qui Nhon, Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan will create favorable conditions, support for investors, to make this promise, with more than 8,000 MW of potential accounts.
Vietnam targets for renewable energy sources replace to provide power for about 5% of national electricity use by 2020. One of the first wind power plant in Vietnam, located in Binh Thanh commune, Tuy Phong district, Binh Thuan Province, with total installed capacity of 120 MW. Five (5) rotor wind capacity of 1.50 MW construction completed and connected to the national grid in August 2009; All equipment of fifteen (15) next propeller wind turbine was transported from the Sauerland region of Germany and on to preparation, construction and installation phases, putting wind turbines on top of the column tower, run the wire connecting the underground system, and then will connect the national power network in the coming months.
So far in Binh Thuan province have nine domestic and foreign investors have been license field surveys and 11 investment program for wind power ; Ninh Thuan
province with nearly 10 account the bid for setting up of wind mate as well as wind measuring stations, mapping and collecting data on hours of sun shein area all year round and the winds most countries ; projects in Binh Dinh - Phuong Mai - have identified the location of the wind column foot, twelve (12) engine type wind power capacity of 2.5 MW will be designed by the expert group AVANTIS Energy Group, construction and assembly step may be in 2011; At ecotourism projects Mau Son, Lang Son province , twenty (20) foot poles wind energy will be deployed as soon as roads connecting between the plains with Mau Son completly implementing, the elevation of this subject is in terms of 600 m to 800 m above sea level; in Lam Dong province two (2) wind power projects with a capacity of 150 MW and 80 MW is being actively implemented ? In addition, Swiss companies, Aerogie Plus Solution AG has exploited the energy markets of Vietnam, building wind power plants combined with diesel engines on island of Con Dao, Ba Ria Vung Tau province, a design capacity of 7, 50 MW with a total value of 28 million USD, proposed plans expected to be operational in 2011/2012.
So more than 20 wind power projects being developed in Vietnam, with the ability to generate a power output estimated 20,000 MW, almost all electricity generated will be connected to the national grid, but as we we all know that until now all purchase price, supplying, transmission and distribution of electricity are set by the Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) to organize, administer and decide !. Previously EVN only accepted the price at a cost of $ 4.70 cents 1KWh [unit: kilo watt hour] and then increased 5.00 cents to 5.50 cents, or sources corridor for EVN has agreed to the price of 6.50 cents, but the price made attractive and appealing to many domestic investors as well as abroad in the energy market of Vietnam is 9.50 cents or 8.50 cents is the minimum!
This is the conundrum of the authorities and the responsibility which have made of headaches!
Government of Canada has a policy to subsidize wind power projects supported by improved purchase price of up to 13 cents a kilowatt-hour! The Australian government is drafting policies to facilitate, support buying power to raise prices 12 cents a kilowatt-hour!
A grant equivalent to 1.47 million USD by the German government through the Organization of German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) has announced on August of 2009 past, to assist Vietnam to implement a legal framework for the electrical connection from the wind power projects in the national electricity network. Documents and this agreement also called for the rapid development of Vietnam policy advice related to wind power projects. This could easily prove more profitable to move the country of origin of foreign investors, in promoting their role in consulting work for a developing country, more transformation Wind Power becoming a source of energy is important .
"Vietnam needs to improve its policies and provide a strong legal foundation to attract more foreign investors in renewable energy," which is noted his Reithmacher Gunter, chief representative GTZ in Vietnam.
Exchanging experiences with Klaus Bodenstein, President and CEO of AVANTIS Energy Group, the partners Vietnam also be consulted: "Experience from Germany, we have been stepped up, go into the wind energy technology not only to environmental protection, natural landscape beauty, but also avoid creating waste, there are radioactive substances that affect many generations afterwards, to avoid creating a burden to our children later if we have to use electricity from nuclear energy "
In general, some current major impediment to future development of wind power, which are: (a) has no policies and regulations, subsidies to buy electricity from wind energy, high investment costs power than the traditional system because it is not enough attractive to investors, (b) still lack the services and financial capacity to be able to borrow capital from banks or from financial institutions for wind power development, (c) program planning and policies of local authorities and central authoritiy truth so transparent, clear and avoid playing against each other for the situation that "swept blank check - opposite horn blowing " ; (d) lack of knowledge and technical capability to perform a complete wind power projects, as well as basic technical and maintenance services, maintenance, administration and management ..ect…. after complete installation in to operation; these difficulties can be overcome through experience gained after one, two works first came into operation. In addition, the process, build wind measuring station or wind poles to collect, and analyze statistical data on all new wind is also to be gradually implementing a master plan for future !
According to statistics, Vietnam's wind potential (over 65 meters high level) is very good, 210 times larger than the capacity of the Son La hydropower plant and more than 10 times the total power capacity of EVN forecast for the country in 2020 . This is just the potential theory, and the potential exploit technical and economic potential would be different, may be smaller !. But we can confirm that this will be a source of considerable energy potential, if not a great power - not to mention that wind energy resources in the sea (Offshore Wind Parc) -, additional sources of national power, to replace fossil energy sources increasingly exhausted.
Dr. TRAN VAN BINH, Consultant ,
Executive Managing Director / CEO
Germany, the 12nd. of june 2010